Cannabis Legislation – Bill C-45

In Canada, cannabis has been illegal for decades - until now. Introduced in 2017, Bill C-45 - also known as the Cannabis Act - has legalised it across the country. 

Designed to keep cannabis out of the hands of young people and allow adults to access safe, high quality cannabis, the Act also breaks apart the black market monopoly and has strict penalties for those who sell to youth. Under the Act, the federal government is responsible for setting industry-wide rules, while the provinces and territories handle distribution and sale.

It’s up to each province or territory to decide how to adapt to federal cannabis legislation, so rules around things like the age of majority may differ across the country.

Here in Alberta, adults 18 years of age and older are legally able to:

  • Possess up to 30 grams of dried cannabis (or the equivalent).
  • Share up to 30 grams of cannabis with other adults.
  • Grow up to four cannabis plants per household for personal use.
  • Make their own cannabis products, such as edibles, as long as organic solvents aren’t used.
  • Purchase cannabis in regulated retail stores or online through

Remember, cannabis isn’t legal everywhere. If you're traveling outside of Canada, leave your cannabis at home and make sure you're aware of local laws. Trying to bring cannabis across the border can have serious consequences, and even land you in jail.